Monday, January 31, 2011

Q9. Task 1 - Graph (Solved) (Horizontal bar)


Solution:
The two horizontal bar graphs reveal the employment statistics for Freedonia by gender in 6 different sectors for the years 1975 and 1995. The data is calibrated in thousands.

From the first glance, it is evident that the two decades between 1975 and 1995 brought significant changes in the representation of women in Freedonia's work force.

In 1975, some 3 lakh men and 2.5 lakh women worked in the communications sector. Twenty years later, though the number of men remained unchanged, the number of women rose to 5.5 lakh.

A similar situation was seen in the wholesale and retail trade sector, where the number of women rose from about 5.5 lakh in 1975 to almost 8 lakh two decades later. The number of men in this sector remained stable over the period, at around 7 lakh.

Women also made gains in both the finance/banking industries and in the defence-related public sector. Whereas some 125,000 women worked in finance and banking institutions in 1975, the number increased to 450,000 by 1995. The number of men grew only marginally from 425,000 to 480,000 over the same period.

In defence, the number of men declined from 225,000 to 200,000, while the number of women rose from 25,000 to over 1 lakh. Two sectors that retained stable employment numbers for both men and women were manufacturing, which had about 3 lakh women and 6 lakh men in both surveyed years, and the public sector (non-defence), which employed 6 lakh women and 8 lakh men.

Overall, women employment rose significantly in the two decades.

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